A Fix for Yosemite Wi-Fi Issues

OS_X_Yosemite_DesktopIt’s no secret that the latest release of Apple’s OSX, named Yosemite, has some Wi-Fi issues. If you visit the Apple forums, you’ll find them full of complaints from users that are having problems — primarily regarding latency and connectivity — and there are some suggestions on resolutions. A couple of us here at the office upgraded as soon as Yosemite came out, and we’re both seeing a huge problem with latency, specifically when connecting to Airplay devices. However, other issues were also occurring: Web pages not loading, dropped connections, Yosemite seeming to run slowly in general and more. We were able to consistently reproduce the issues regardless of whether it was here at the office or in our homes.

The final straw, however, came when I noticed that I was unable to play Starcraft II.

You see, a few of us here have a rather unhealthy attachment to Starcraft. Bryon, the SmarterMail Development Manager, and I tend to spend hours in the evening playing the game. We generally team up and play against other 2-player teams and before I upgraded to Yosemite, there were no issues. However, the first time we played AFTER the upgrade, I saw an incredible amount of lag when playing. Bryon, who is also using a MacBook Pro, but generally runs Windows in Bootcamp and plays Starcraft in Windows, had zero issues. My side, however, was unplayable. We didn’t think too much of it, but the next time we played I had the exact same issues. Earlier in the day, in a meeting, I tried using Airplay on our conference room television and there, too, saw a ton of lag. Others in the room who hadn’t upgraded also used Airplay and saw no issues.

So this got me thinking. Messing with my ability to play Starcraft is one thing, but when an issue impacts my ability to get work done, then I get serious. I remembered Bryon, running Windows in Bootcamp, didn’t have any problems. Add that to the fact that MacBooks still running Mavericks were also running fine and I realized it must be something in Yosemite. Not being one to “go backwards” and revert to Mavericks, I had a challenge on my hands and it was going to mean some late nights finding a resolution.

Ultimately, the primary issues seems to be with Bonjour and multicast. After monitoring packets I was seeing a consistent pattern when any broadcasts or discoveries were being made. Anytime this happened, my ping times went through the roof. I was able to consistently duplicate the issues by simply dropping down the Airplay menu.

So, here is the solution. This first part will get you started with a fresh network configuration, especially if you’ve upgraded from previous OSX versions. NOTE: This solution requires you to use Terminal. If you’re not comfortable using this, DO NOT perform this fix – simply wait for Apple to release a fix.

  1. Turn off Wi-Fi
  2. Open Finder
  3. From the Go menu, select Go To Folder
  4. Type in “/Library/Preferences/SystemConfiguration/”
  5. Delete the following files, if you have them:com.apple.airport.preferences.plist
    com.apple.network.identificatin.plist
    com.apple.wifi.message-tracer.plist
    NetworkInterfaces.plist
    preferences.plist
  6. Close everything and reboot your machine

Once your machine comes back up, turn your Wi-Fi back on, if it doesn’t turn on automatically.

This next step is the true fix…

  1. Open Terminal
  2. Type the following command: sudo nano /System/Library/LaunchDaemons/com.apple.discoveryd.plist
  3. change this:
    <key>ProgramArguments</key>
    <array>
    <string>/usr/libexec/discoveryd</string>
    <string>–udsocket</string>
    <string>standard</string>
    <string>–loglevel</string>
    <string>Basic</string>
    <string>–logclass</string>
    <string>Everything</string>
    <string>–logto</string>
    <string>asl</string>
    </array>to this:

    <key>ProgramArguments</key>
    <array>
    <string>/usr/libexec/discoveryd</string>
    <string>–udsocket</string>
    <string>standard</string>
    <string>–loglevel</string>
    <string>Basic</string>
    <string>–logclass</string>
    <string>Everything</string>
    <string>–logto</string>
    <string>asl</string>
    <string>–no-multicast</string>
    </array>

  4. Re-boot your machine one last time.

You’ll notice you simply added the “–no-multicast” string to the ProgramArguments array. Normally this change is made to disable broadcasting of your computer itself but this is where the BUGS seem to be within Yosemite.

Making this change will normalize your Wi-Fi connection and you will not see any latency or erratic ping times. A check of my MacBook Pro on Speedtest.net before making this change showed 5-9mbps, whereas checks AFTER this change took me into the 60+mbps range over our Wi-Fi connection. I’m also seeing Airplay devices like I did before, there is ZERO latency when playing to an Airplay device…all seems normal.

Now, this should not be a permanent solution and could impact other functions such as the new Handoff features in Yosemite, etc. However, it will make your machine usable again.  Discovering Airplay devices will still work, but you may not see all devices on your network and it might take MUCH MORE TIME to discover the ones you have available.

Let us know how things work and if you do find additional functionality within Yosemite not working as anticipated after the change, let us know.   I’m an Android user so I don’t use some of the new Yoesmeite features and although I believe very little will be impacted, realize that other things I haven’t tested and don’t use may be affected.

UPDATE: If you notice that your network status icon is blank after you perform this fix, this is simply a display issue so the fix for that is pretty simple:

  1. Open Network Preferences
  2. Uncheck “Show Wi-Fi status in menu bar”
  3. Re-check “show Wi-Fi status in menu bar”
  4. Your status icon will show active again.

The Microsoft Store Experience is as Broken as Windows

Apple Store vs. Microsoft Store

image courtesty of Cult of Mac

As I mentioned in a blog post earlier this week, I was thinking of buying a few Microsoft Surface Pro 3’s for some of our staff. This was ostensibly so we could continue testing all of our products on the latest version of Windows as well as the native applications that come with the new Microsoft devices. My experience brought to light a major, major issue that Microsoft is facing, one that is possibly even larger than the issues I mention in my previous post.

So, as I wanted to buy a few Surface Pro 3s, I figured the best place to start was on the Microsoft Store website. I pulled it up to look for any Business options. Unable to find what I wanted, I decided use the video chat with a Microsoft Employee. At first I was thinking “this is REALLY cool”. It’s like Amazon’s “MayDay” feature, available on the Kindle Fire. However, unlike “Amy” from Amazon’s ads, who seems to be able to quickly and extensively offer assistance, I found out that the person I was having the video chat with knew absolutely NOTHING. Even the most basic questions were not able to be answered. Ironically, I had a similar experience on Microsoft’s Dynamics website via live chat. The Customer Representative didn’t even understand basic questions about the Microsoft Dynamics application. They needed to set me up with a Product Specialist, which is what I thought I was already doing.

After a short stint in the video chat I call the the Microsoft Store located in Scottsdale, Arizona. (One of only THREE Microsoft stores in the state). At least I thought I was calling a local store; I quickly found out I was sent to a call center, not the actual store. What the heck? After speaking with the call center person for a bit, and explaining what I wanted, they felt that it would be best to talk to someone at the store! That’s what I wanted originally! I had to wait on hold for someone at the call center to find someone at my local store and then connect me. Very weird.

Once I was on the phone with a store representative, I started asking about discounts for bulk orders. We often do bulk purchases and by this time I was thinking about maybe converting all of our Customer Service staff to Surface Pros rather than just buying one or two more. The Business Person was less than excited on the phone, and it almost felt as if I was pulling teeth for information. The discounts on the Surface Pro 3 are VERY low. At least that’s the impression I got from the store rep. However, I was told that I should try contacting CDW as they probably had better pricing. Huh?! Now, I’m not a huge fan of CDW, but I asked for contact information for someone I could talk to anyway. However, the Microsoft Store employee didn’t have a phone number for a direct contact, but I was given the number for their call center. When I asked for an email address I got a default store email address. I did not contact CDW, to say the least.

The entire experience, from the online video and live chats to the phone calls, couldn’t have been any worse.

Despite all of this, I was determined to get an employee a Surface Pro 3. Not everyone, mind you, but by now I had decided that ONE employee, at least, should have one so that we could get some more live testing performed and make sure all our SmarterTools products were as good as possible on these devices. I decided to call the Microsoft Store again and purchase a single Surface Pro 3, complete with a docking station, Type Keyboard…the works. I wanted to buy it all and then have one of the employees pick it up over the weekend.

Once again I ran into a brick wall: The only option available is to purchase online and have everything shipped. I wanted to scream…

At this point, is Microsoft really even trying? They’re the underdog and they have NO clue how to provide a good user experience purchasing their products. It’s hard enough when the operating system itself is difficult and clunky, but there’s NO WAY that should translate into the buying experience.

To counter all of this, while we are a Windows software development company, 95% of our developers use MacBook Pros. All of our customer service and support representatives use Macs as well. We have worked with numerous Apple Business employees who are very responsive. When we need a MacBook Pro, we order it and have an employee run over and get it. If we need 10 Mac Minis, we can pick them up. If we want them customized, we order them through our Business contact and they’re either shipped to us directly or to the store and we pick them up. They’re shipped and delivered whichever way is the quickest FOR US. When we walk into our nearest Apple Store, they know us and treat us VERY well. It’s a great relationship and that experience makes the Microsoft experience that much worse.

You know, Microsoft hasn’t had any issues copying Apple’s OS X over the years. Windows 10 introduces both virtual desktops and a an almost exact replica of Apple’s Mission Control. I think they should also spend time at an Apple Store…or several Apple Stores.  Microsoft stores are dead and full of people with no LOVE for Microsoft. For employees, it seems to be just a job and the way Microsoft sets up call centers and a mailboxes per store rather than for their employees further separates the customer from the company. Counter this with going to an Apple Store where everyone in the store, from employees to customers, are enthusiastic and almost awestruck. Apple Stores are where people with the love for a product congregate. Microsoft Stores are places where people almost seem to go by accident.

Microsoft, your products are VERY inferior right now and it’s hard to love them. Your store experiences aren’t helping matters much. I’d venture to say the buying experience is even more hurtful to your brand and products than the products themselves.

As a side note, while doing these tests and really trying to get a feeling for the entire Microsoft ecosystem, I flirted with the idea of switching from my Samsung Note 3 to a Microsoft Phone, either a Nokia device or one of the new Samsung M8s running Windows. I tell you, it was an eye-opening experience shopping for a Windows phone! I use Verizon, so I went to a few Verizon stores to look at phones. NONE of the stores I went to had any! At Verizon, one of the largest, if not THE largest, mobile providers, Microsoft is a third-class citizen! On top of that, I learned that Microsoft will be keeping with Windows Phone 8.1 until late 1st quarter or early 2nd Quarter of 2015! I tell you, we’re working on a new project – something unrelated to SmarterTools – that focuses on mobile devices. We planned on building it as a universal application across all 3 mobile platforms: iOS, Android and Windows. After my recent experiences, we’re focusing solely on iOS and Android.

For a person who had built a rather large Web hosting company and then a software development company based on Microsoft products, it’s been incredibly difficult to watch Microsoft’s transition. Or, to be a bit more precise, their FAILURE to transition and transform. It’s easy to see why Apple has exceeded 10% of the PC market, something they hadn’t done since 1991. All this being said, Microsoft IS still generating a ton of revenue, as demonstrated by today’s announcement. However, imagine how much MORE they’d earn if they JUST fixed the buying experience.

Knowing all of this, is it strange that I STILL want Microsoft to succeed? Should I quit trying and just accept the fact that Microsoft will continue on this path and never compete again in the consumer market? Others are on a much, much better path, and all indications are they’re leaving Microsoft in the dust.

A Month With the Surface Pro 3 and a Few Weeks With Windows 10 Preview

This post follows up with what I’ve previously written about my experience with the Microsoft Surface Pro 3 and Windows 10.

I had high hopes. Honestly, I did. I was excited to try both the Surface Pro 3 and, after reading about what was coming with Windows 10, I was even more excited. And I will be honest, the Surface Pro 3 is an incredible computer: It is a very powerful PC wrapped in a very small package with a screen that can be used as a tablet. This is exactly how Microsoft is marketing it, and it’s true…to a point.

My biggest problem with the Surface Pro 3 is that, whether you’re using Windows 8 or Windows 10, its actual usefulness as a Tablet is almost non-existent. Using IE on it is incredibly fast so picking up the Surface and browsing websites just destroys the Samsung Tab S and iPads. I did some side-by-side tests so this isn’t just my opinion. But that’s where the usefulness ends.

Every part of the Windows UI seems confused when using the Surface as a tablet. Every application from Microsoft just seems and feels wrong, except for People (the contacts app) and possibly Windows Mail. Other than that, Microsoft fails at allowing users to work side to side to side. That is, having multiple applications open at the same time and using the Surface Pro as a true productivity device. What certainly doesn’t help is that every application is full of bugs. I blame this on the Windows UI framework more than anything: Microsoft attempts to scale down applications when users attempt to split the screen, giving users all of the app’s functionality, but on a smaller scale. It just doesn’t feel right. What’s interesting is that app developers can override this functionality and provide custom layouts for the smaller screen, but few seem to take advantage of this. It’s odd as you’d think developers would want to control as much of their app as possible, giving users the best user experience. Not sure what the disconnect is there.

Even though my frustrations continue to mount, there are some definite pluses. For example, I continue to find little issues with our various application and how it works with things like the new mail, contacts and calendars apps. As a result, I was thinking of giving one or two employees Surface Pros to see if they have the same difficulties I do. In addition, I want them to use IE 11, which all other employees avoid like the plague.

Another plus is that the Start menu returning to Windows 10 is a HUGE step towards making the desktop experience feel the way it used to be. However, I just don’t see Microsoft resolving all the issues they have with the Windows UI interface. There is no way all native apps can be re-worked to feel right and that goes with all the 3rd party applications. On top of that, everything just feels BUGGY. And before anyone says that this is because Windows 10 is just in a technical preview at this point, the exact same things can be said about Windows 8.1, which is a full, stable release.

With Apple releasing iOS 8.1 and Yosemite, and Google releasing Android Lollipop, both of which continue to fill all the gaps and make these operating systems extremely solid, Windows is in absolute disarray. Microsoft, even with all the enterprise features, store changes and associated tools that you are introducing with Windows 10 you are not going to be able to NAIL the consumer market. When the iPad was released it was revolutionary. I get that Microsoft is trying to do something similar with this merged tablet/desktop direction they are taking. And believe me, I am completely on board with that direction. However, at this point their implementation has been horrific and it doesn’t seem like its going to change. Call me a glutton for punishment, but I have not completely lost faith.

We are committed to making sure our products work on whatever Microsoft releases, both on the OS side as well as on the app side. So, I’m still toying with getting a few more Surface Pro 3s for our employees so we can continue our testing. I’ll be sure to let everyone know what’s going on as we move in that direction

 

More Thoughts on Microsoft

So, my earlier blog post prompted some interesting discussions around the office. (See Microsoft Has So Much Promise…But Can’t Seem to Deliver). Many thought I was a bit too harsh in chastising Microsoft for their direction and business sense. Here are a couple of quotes that typify the “pro-Microsoft” side of our office:

I’m glad Microsoft isn’t rushing. If the next release is anything but perfect they’re done. iOS 8 being rushed is the reason it sucks so bad.

I think it’s an overstatement to say they’re [shooting themselves in the foot] when they make record revenue and profits just about every quarter. They have been reactionary since Windows 95 but it’s tough to argue with their bottom line.

I like a good debate as much as anyone, but let’s look at a few things:

First off, Microsoft’s revenue is up, but overall profits are down for 2014. The corporate side of their business is doing fine and because Windows XP is no longer supported, more and more business and consumers are having to upgrade, which is helping increase revenue Ironically, most of those upgrades are to Windows 7. More on that in a bit.

Secondly, although the XBox One hasn’t really done what they wanted it to do, it has increased revenues compared to the XBox 360 volume. OF course, growth of the XBox One is partly driven by some tactics unheard of from Microsoft in the past: lowering of its price in the UK to help drive sales.

Next, Microsoft’s services business has done well and their advertising revenue has jumped 15%. This is driven by the Azure platform, which, by all accounts I’ve read, seems to be a very robust and reliable platform. We’re hoping to have more info on this in a future blog post. Their ad revenue is growing due, in no small part, to the fact that its about all that’s available for Windows mobile. Ad networks like Google’s AdMob, RevMob, Vungle, AdColony and others don’t offer Windows SDKs for their services. AdMob has one for Windows 8, but with the push to Windows 8.1 on mobile, and no indication that Google is modifying their SDK to support 8.1, Microsoft’s PubCenter is about the only game in town.

Finally, about 15% of Microsoft’s stock value is based on its Windows operating system and desktop sales. Overall revenue has declined about 8% in this area.

Microsoft is a very diverse company with a significant amount of revenue coming from the enterprise, and that side of the house is doing fine. What is kind of funny is that the slow and steady transition of enterprises from Windows XP to Windows 7, and eventually to Windows XXX, has really helped Microsoft avoid a giant catastrophe. The current model corporations follow for the upgrade of their infrastructures is about every 5 years. That means that, essentially, the enterprise gave Microsoft 5 years to get Windows right.

However, the consumer market is struggling and Microsoft just can’t seem to get any traction in it. If Microsoft continues to stumble and not win the consumer market, it will start to impact their enterprise business. Microsoft’s initial entry into the enterprise was because they won the desktop. The question is, about 2 years from now when that 5 year cycle hits, will Microsoft have done what they needed to do to encourage upgrades enterprise level?

Over the years, Microsoft had the luxury of selling Windows to the consumer in the same way they sold it to the enterprise, using the same update systems, the same software life cycles, etc. With OSX, Apple changed all that, pushing free upgrades to their core OS, across all devices, and making sure the vast majority of their users are on the latest and greatest. And, that philosophy and strategy has been successful for Apple. So much so that it’s making Microsoft now have to re-think how they market, sell, distribute to the consumer while still managing the enterprise. Clearly this has been a struggle.

On the flip side, Apple has no idea how to manage the enterprise. Apple’s release philosophy is counter to the enterprise model. Therefore, there is very little threat to a substantial portion of Microsoft’s revenue in relation to the enterprise but they are at risk of losing the consumer market. So we come full circle and back to my initial blog post;

Microsoft should be releasing an updated Windows, complete with the UI changes, prior to the holidays or they risk losing the consumer market entirely.

The Windows Experience is impacting the entire Microsoft brand and making it very difficult for the Windows Phone or Surface to get traction. Over the holiday season Apple will sell 50 million iPhones. About 50 million PC’s will be sold over the holiday season as well. A new, exciting Windows release that focused only on usability would align very well with the $400 million Microsoft spent to promote the Surface with the NFL and would give the Windows Phone and the Surface Tablets a much needed boost! Instead, Microsoft blew their NFL marketing campaign by not coordinating some of the Windows improvements. Maybe if they had done this, NFL analysts would start referring to their tablets as “Microsoft Surface” tablets and not “iPad-like devices.”

Day 1 With Windows 10 on a Surface Pro 3

Image courtesy of Neowin

Image courtesy of Neowin

Even after the criticisms put forth in my last blog post, I was still chomping at the bit to get my hands on the tech build of Windows 10, and today was the day.

As a precursor, I should mention that I’m currently using a Microsoft Surface Pro 3 at work. I initially wasn’t sure I’d be able to run the tech preview on the Surface, but suffice it to say it runs pretty well. Also, I don’t believe any of the issues I discuss below are due to the hardware, but more to the fact that Windows 10 is a work in progress. Most of the little things will probably get worked out at some point. Regardless, I’ve spent most of the workday using it, so here are some thoughts…

Click for larger image

Click for larger image

Prior to running Windows 10, I preferred having the icons that were on my taskbar to be desktop related and left all the Windows UI applications on the start screen. Basically, I had two different configurations and, and ways to use, the Surface Pro 3, which wasn’t what Microsoft was going for. However, it feels natural to click Windows UI applications on the taskbar alongside the more traditional desktop applications. They coexist seamlessly.

No longer will there be a need for two different applications that serve the same purpose because one works better for desktop while the other works better for the tablet. For example, I had IM+ as a Jabber client connected to our SmarterMail server when in tablet mode. But when in desktop mode, I would use Pidgin. Now, IM+ works in both environments. What does this mean for the Microsoft Store? It’s going to EXPLODE because the audience is going to be so much larger! In addition, Windows is going to be much more secure. Instead of finding .EXE’s or .ZIP files to download, users are going to look first in the store. It’s amazing the changes that can be made and should have been done in the first place that would have put Microsoft in such a better position.

There are some bugs, however. There is some interface and compatibility stuff that is expected from a working build. For example, Windows Defender getting repeatedly stuck and using a significant percentage of CPU, which prevented some Windows UI applications from running until Defender was disabled. However, so far nothing has prevented me from getting work done.

I REALLY, REALLY, REALLY hope that Microsoft finds a way to seamlessly integrate the Start Screen and the Start Menu layouts. It’s a real pain to have to manage the look and feel of both. I want them to be in sync.  Now that Microsoft made it possible to use all the same Windows UI applications in the Desktop, they should encourage us to use them by utilizing the Start Screen’s layout.  This is an absolute must! Right now it just feels broken and disconnected.

Click for larger image

Click for larger image

A quick note to users of the Surface Pro 3 or a HP Yoga, or other Windows devices that double as a tablet and a desktop: be aware with this first preview that you will need to manually change the settings to show the Start Screen when running as a tablet. To do this, right mouse click on the task bar, choose properties, go to the Start Menu tab and un-select “Use the Start menu instead of the Start Screen.”

The Microsoft Store is going to explode, and in a good way! Now that Windows UI applications run a regular application the the desktop, users are going to go to the store for apps.  No longer will users search the web and download EXE and ZIP files.  What are the benefits of that?  Fewer and fewer machines infected with malware and viruses.  Windows will be more secure!  It’s amazing the changes that can be made and should have been done in the first place that would have put Microsoft in such a better position.

Of course, with every new change comes additions requests from users. Microsoft had better get their network and support teams ready for a deluge! For example, now that I can utilize the native Mail application provided with Windows I needs to be able to simply drop files and attach them to new messages. I was also hoping to see some scaling options in the tech preview. One of the drawbacks of having the Surface Pro 3 connected to nice 27-inch monitors is that using the 100% DPI option in Windows makes everything incredibly small on the Surface but look normal on the monitors. Oh how software development never ends! (And how nice to be able to be on the giving end of suggestions rather than the receiving end of suggestions).

I must also say that the virtual desktops are so long overdue! It’s such a nice feature in OS X and it feel really good on Windows. Major thanks for this!

In the end, Windows 10 is on the right path. People will feel more comfortable using it as a desktop, which will go a long way to gaining traction in the consumer market. If they implement the “detection” of a keyboard and/or mouse and automatically switch from tablet view to desktop view, they could nail it.Of course, I still have to mention this: What they shouldn’t have done is delay the release.  As I mentioned in my previous post, Windows 10 should be out by the holidays so Microsoft could capitalize on the $400 million spent with the NFL to market the Surface. If I say it more and more often, maybe it will come true.

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